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Quick Summary

The Latin root word voc and its variant vok both mean “call.” These roots are the word origins of a fair number of English vocabulary words, including vocal, vocabulary, invoke, and provoke. The roots voc and vok are easily recalled through the words vocal, of “calling,” and revoke, to “call” back.

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The Latin root word voc and its variant vok both mean “call.” This podcast’s “calling” will most certainly increase your vocabulary!

We all know that the vocal component of learning a language is the speaking of it, or “calling” it out. Indeed, your voice is that part of you which “calls” out words. Words which are “called” out are the vocabulary of a language; vocabulary can also be thought of as the words which things or actions are “called.” Particularly enthusiastic students may be vociferous in the practicing of their vocabulary, “calling” out the words for both their own class and the one next door to hear loud and clear!

Most of us will get some sort of job after we finish school. We lucky ones will work at a vocation, or “calling” that we have, so we will love what we do. Others of us will just have jobs to make money. The opposite of a job or vocation is an avocation, which is a “calling” away from one’s vocation, that is, a pastime or hobby. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if your vocation and avocation were one and the same? Perhaps when you become President, you can advocate for that by supporting or “calling” towards that becoming a reality.

The variant spelling vok, also meaning “call,” usually comprises verbs in English, and promptly switches back to voc with a change in part of speech. Here are some examples:

invoke: to “call” upon; invocation: the act of “calling” upon (usually for help)
revoke: to “call” back; irrevocable: unable to be “called” back (you cannot revoke an irrevocable act, such as breaking an egg)
provoke: to “call” forth; provocation: the act of “calling” forth (usually of a negative emotion of some kind)
evoke: to “call” forth/from; evocation: a “calling” forth/from (usually of a feeling or event from the past)

Now you can confidently “call” out definitions of vocabulary words formed from voc and its variant vok, so vociferously vocalize away!

  1. vocal: of “calling”
  2. voice: that which can “call”
  3. vocabulary: words “called” out, what words are being “called” out, or what words “call” things
  4. vociferous: of carrying “calling” a long ways, hence being loud
  5. vocation: a “calling” in life
  6. avocation: a “calling” away from a job, hence a hobby or other pastime
  7. advocate: to “call” towards as a show of support
  8. invoke: to “call” upon
  9. invocation: a “calling” upon
  10. revoke: to “call” back
  11. irrevocable: not capable of being “called” back
  12. provoke: to “call” forth
  13. provocation: the act of “calling” forth
  14. evoke: to “call” forth
  15. evocation: the act of “calling” forth
  16. vocalize: to “call” with the voice


  • intransigent

    An intransigent person is stubborn; thus, they refuse to change their ideas or behavior, often in a way that seems unreasonable.

  • prodigal

    Someone who behaves in a prodigal way spends a lot of money and/or time carelessly and wastefully with no concern for the future.

  • ambiguous

    If you describe something as ambiguous, you mean that it is unclear or confusing because it can be understood in multiple ways.

  • mitigate

    If you mitigate something that causes harm, you reduce the harmful or painful effects of it.

  • castigate

    When you castigate someone, you criticize or punish them severely.

  • exiguous

    An exiguous amount of something is meager, small, or limited in nature.

  • litigate

    When you litigate, you go before a court in order to bring forth a lawsuit or voice another serious concern you have.

  • allege

    When you allege that someone has done something, you say or claim that they have done it without showing any proof.

  • litigious

    Someone who is litigious tends to quarrel with other people quite a bit, and is the type of person to bring lawsuits upon others.

  • navigate

    When you navigate, you find your way from one place to another.

  • ambiguity

    an expression whose meaning cannot be determined from its context

  • castigation

    a severe scolding

  • exigency

    a pressing or urgent situation

  • intransigence

    the trait of being intransigent

  • litigation

    a legal proceeding in a court

  • navigator

    the ship's officer in charge of navigation

  • prodigality

    the trait of spending extravagantly

  • unmitigated

    not diminished or moderated in intensity or severity

Differentiated vocabulary for your students is just a click away.