If you surmount a problem or difficulty, you get the better of it by conquering or overcoming it.
If you have a surfeit of something, you have much more than what you need.
If you surmise why something has occurred, you make a guess, offer a possibility, or have a theory about it.
If you are unsurpassed in what you do, you are the best—period.
The surface of something, such as a lake or a table, is the top layer or part of it.
If you survive something, such as a difficult time or trouble, you manage to make it through or live to tell of it.
charge an extra fee, as for a special service
the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary
come to the surface
the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name)
extend on all sides of simultaneously
close observation of a person or group (usually by the police)
consider in a comprehensive way
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