con-

with, together

Quick Summary

Prefixes are key morphemes in English vocabulary that begin words. The prefix con-, which means “with” or “thoroughly,” appears in numerous English vocabulary words, for example: connect, consensus, and conclude. An easy way to remember that the prefix con means “with” is through the word connect, or join “with.” A way to remember that it means “thoroughly” is through conclude, or “thoroughly” close a matter.

Thoroughly Together With "Con-"

Today we will focus on the prefix con-, which can mean “with” or “thoroughly.” Prefixes are morphemes which begin words, attaching to a word’s main part, or stem.

One highly used meaning of the prefix con- is “with.” For instance, when you connect two objects, you link them “with” each other. When people convene at a particular place, they come there “with” others. In the same vein, when people congregate, they flock “with” each other. A consensus is a mutual feeling of agreement that people have “with” each other. And concord? Concord is agreement or harmony, or etymologically when one person’s “heart” is “with” another.

If you know Spanish, you’ll remember that the preposition con means “with,” such as in the expressions: con mucho gusto (“with” much pleasure), or chile con carne (chili pepper “with” meat). This Spanish word came from the Latin root word con- as well.

Prefixes, such as con-, can also act as intensives, which emphasize the meaning of the stem of the word to which they are attached. Intensive prefixes can functionally be translated as “thoroughly” to indicate that emphasis. For instance, when you conclude that something is true, you have “thoroughly” closed any debate on the issue of its truthfulness. When you convince someone of the truth of what you say, you “thoroughly” win him over. A consequence is a result which “thoroughly” follows you after you’ve done something. When you concede a point in a debate, you “thoroughly” yield to it. And concise wording? It has “thoroughly” cut away any unnecessary words, keeping what is said short and to the point. ’Nuff said!

Hence we’ve come to the conclusion, or “thorough” closing of our rootcast for the day. Just remember that con- can mean “with” or “thoroughly,” and you’ll “thoroughly” master all those words “with” the prefix con- in them!

  1. connect: link ‘with’ another
  2. convene: come together ‘with’ others
  3. congregate: flock ‘with’ others
  4. consensus: feeling ‘with’ others
  5. concord: heart ‘with’ another
  6. conclude: ‘thoroughly’ close
  7. convince: ‘thoroughly’ win over
  8. consequence: effect which ‘thoroughly’ follows
  9. concede: ‘thoroughly’ yield
  10. concise: ‘thoroughly’ cut

Usage

  • contumacious

    Someone who is contumacious is purposely stubborn, contrary, or disobedient.

  • conclave

    A conclave is a meeting between a group of people who discuss something secretly.

  • contiguous

    Contiguous things are in contact with or near each other; contiguous events happen one right after the other without a break.

  • disconcert

    If something disconcerts you, it makes you feel anxious, worried, or confused.

  • convivial

    A convivial atmosphere or occasion is friendly, pleasant, cheerful, and relaxed.

  • connote

    If a word or behavior connotes something, it suggests an additional idea or emotion that is not part of its original literal meaning.

  • conjecture

    A conjecture is a theory or guess that is based on information that is not certain or complete.

  • convoke

    To convoke a meeting or assembly is to bring people together for a formal gathering or ceremony of some kind.

  • concordant

    Two people concordant with each other are in agreement or harmony.

  • concatenate

    If you concatenate two or more things, you join them together by linking them one after the other.

  • concomitant

    Something is concomitant when it happens at the same time as something else and is connected with it in some fashion.

  • conjugal

    The adjective conjugal refers to marriage or the relationship between two married people.

  • conflate

    If you conflate two or more descriptions or ideas, you combine them in order to produce a single unit.

  • contingent

    If something is contingent upon something else, the first thing depends on the second in order to happen or exist.

  • congenial

    A congenial person, place, or environment is pleasant, friendly, and enjoyable.

  • condole

    If you condole with someone, you express sympathy or sorrow, usually on the death of someone dear.

  • confluence

    A confluence is a situation where two or more things meet or flow together at a single point or area; a confluence usually refers to two streams joining together.

  • consanguinity

    Consanguinity is the state of being related to someone else by blood or having a similar close relationship to them.

  • congeal

    When a liquid congeals, it becomes very thick and sticky, almost like a solid.

  • concentric

    Concentric circles, gradually increasing in size, spread out from a common central point.

  • concerted

    A concerted effort is intensive and determined work that is performed by two people or more to complete a task.

  • concurrent

    Concurrent events happen at the same time.

  • congenital

    A congenital condition is something someone is born with, such as a character trait or physical state.

  • conglomerate

    A conglomerate is a large business or organization that consists of many different companies involved in numerous areas of expertise.

  • conjure

    When you try to conjure up images of the past, you call upon or summon them in your mind by imagining them.

  • consensus

    When a group of people reaches a consensus, it has reached a general agreement about something.

  • contemporary

    A contemporary object exists at the same time as something else or exists at the current time.

  • convene

    People convene when they gather together or are called together by someone for a meeting.

  • conventional

    A conventional way of thinking or behaving is the one most commonly accepted by social groups.

  • convergent

    Two things that are convergent are meeting or coming together at one point in time or space.

  • nonconformist

    A nonconformist is unwilling to believe in the same things other people do or act in a fashion that society sets as a standard.

  • concur

    When you concur with another person, you agree with or have the same opinion as they do.

  • confer

    When you confer with another person, you discuss something with her in order to get her opinion or consult with her for advice.

  • constitute

    Those things that constitute something form or make it up.

  • consent

    When you consent to something, you agree to it or give permission for it to be done.

  • constituent

    A constituent part of something makes up part of the whole thing.

  • confront

    When you confront someone, you attack, oppose, or question what they are doing, often with open dislike.

  • concoct

    When you concoct something, such as a recipe, you create it or mix ingredients together in a new way.

  • consortium

    A consortium is a large grouping of companies into a single organization that shares a common business interest.

  • contract

    When a substance contracts, it becomes smaller in size.

  • inconsistency

    An inconsistency is something that does not quite fit or disagrees somehow with the rest of the members of its group.

  • concentrate

    When you concentrate on something, such as a difficult math problem, you think hard about it for a while.

  • contribute

    When you contribute to something, such as a good cause, you give money or help to it.

  • conduct

    The way you conduct yourself is how you behave or act.

  • conflict

    A conflict is a fight or disagreement between two or more people that can sometimes last a long time.

  • connection

    A connection is a link between things or people.

  • congratulate

    When you congratulate someone, you praise them or are happy about some success they've had.

  • construct

    When you construct something, you build or create it.

  • condition

    The condition of something is how it is right now or the shape that it is in.

  • consecutive

    Consecutive events happen one right after the other with no breaks in between.

  • contain

    When a box or jar contains something, such as food, it holds or keeps it inside.

  • content

    If you are content about something, you are happy or pleased with it.

  • confine

    When you confine someone, you limit where they can go or what they can do.

  • conversation

    In a conversation, people talk with each other to share ideas, thoughts, and feelings.

  • contact

    When there is contact between two things or people, they touch or there is a link formed between them.

  • conciliate

    cause to be more favorably inclined

  • concord

    go together

  • condominium

    one of the dwelling units in a condominium

  • confidential

    entrusted with private information and the confidence of another

  • conglomeration

    a rounded spherical form

  • congregate

    come together, usually for a purpose

  • connect

    connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

  • connubial

    of or relating to marriage or to the relationship between a wife and husband

  • consolation

    the comfort you feel when consoled in times of disappointment

  • contemptuous

    expressing extreme contempt

  • context

    discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation

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