Quick Summary

When studying root words, there are often spelling variants to a primary root word. The root word ced: “go,” for instance, present in the words precede and recede, has variant spellings of cess and ceed. Examples proceeding from these variant spellings, all of which mean “go” as well, are excess and exceed.

Moving the Ced Procession

When studying root words, there are often spelling variants to a primary root word. The root word ced: “go,” for instance, present in the words precede and recede, has variant spellings of cess and ceed, which also mean “go.”

Let’s begin with cess, “go.” When you access your money at a bank, you “go” towards it. When you have an excess of that money, it has “gone” out of normal boundaries. In a recession the economy is “going” back. The economy, during such a financial downturn, is not experiencing much success, or ‘going’ up to its goal of ‘going’ forward. The Chairman of the Federal Reserve often finds it a necessity, or something with which one is not able to “go,” to stimulate the economy. Hopefully your ancestors, or the ones who have “gone” before you, left you enough cash to help weather such economic trials!

Another spelling variant of the English root ced is ceed, which also means “go.” When you succeed at a task, you are able to “go” to the foot of it and accomplish it. When you proceed along a path, you “go” forth along it. And when you exceed the bounds of proper conduct? You “go” beyond them.

An easy way to remember that ced, cess, and ceed all mean to “go” is by using the following memory hook: An excess of Excedrin succeeds in headaches “going” away!

Now that you have succeeded in learning the variant spellings of the root word ced, you will confidently “go” towards vocabulary success!

  1. access: ‘going’ towards
  2. excess: ‘going’ out of normal limits
  3. recession: act of ‘going’ backwards
  4. success: ‘go’ up to a goal
  5. necessity: that with which one cannot ‘go’ without
  6. ancestor: one who has ‘gone’ before you
  7. succeed: ‘go’ to the foot of a goal
  8. proceed: ‘go’ forth
  9. exceed: ‘go’ out of normal boundaries


  • cessation

    The cessation of a process is a stop or halt to it.

  • incessant

    Something that is incessant continues on for a long time without stopping.

  • predecessor

    A predecessor comes before someone else in a job or is an ancestor of someone.

  • ancestor

    An ancestor is someone who came before you in your family, such as your great-grandmother or great-grandfather.

  • access

    When you have access to something, you can get into it or use it because it is open to you.

  • cease

    When something ceases, it stops, ends, or finishes.

  • process

    A process is a number of things that need to be done to complete a task or job.

  • accessibility

    the quality of being at hand when needed

  • accessible

    capable of being reached

  • accession

    make a record of additions to a collection, such as a library

  • accessory

    aiding and abetting in a crime

  • cession

    the act of ceding

  • concession

    a contract granting the right to operate a subsidiary business

  • excess

    more than is needed, desired, or required

  • excessive

    beyond normal limits

  • inaccessible

    capable of being reached only with great difficulty or not at all

  • necessarily

    in an essential manner

  • necessitate

    require as useful, just, or proper

  • necessitous

    poor enough to need help from others

  • necessity

    the condition of being essential or indispensable

  • precession

    the motion of a spinning body (as a top) in which it wobbles so that the axis of rotation sweeps out a cone

  • processional

    intended for use in a procession

  • recess

    put into a recess

  • recession

    the state of the economy declines

  • recessive

    of or pertaining to a recession

  • secession

    an Austrian school of art and architecture parallel to the French art nouveau in the 1890s

  • successful

    having succeeded or being marked by a favorable outcome

  • succession

    a following of one thing after another in time

  • successive

    in regular succession without gaps

  • successor

    a person who follows next in order

  • unnecessary

    not necessary

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