|de-||→||down, off, from|
|-ory||→||of or relating to|
A derogatory statement used to “annul” something, that is, it took a “request” and cast it “down.” Now, this “casting down” has become a statement that puts someone “down.”
The Latin root word rog means “ask.” This Latin root is the word origin of a fair number of English vocabulary words, including interrogate, arrogant, and prerogative. The root rog is easily recalled via the word interrogative, for an interrogative is a question word that “asks” a question, such as “who,” “what,” “how,” “why,” or “where.”
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The Latin root word rog means “ask.” Hopefully you will not need to use the interrogative “what?” to “ask” what this root word means after a minute or two!
A rogue is such a rascal that he “asks” for money, pretending to be a beggar when he really isn’t. He might use many an interrogative, or question word, “asking” such things as “What can you give me?” and “Where is your wallet?” After the police catch such a rogue they might send him through interrogation, “asking” him questions about just how much money he weaseled out of people.
An arrogant person “asks” for things that most people would never think of “asking” for, mostly because she is overbearing, full of herself, self-important, and feels herself to be superior to others. Such an arrogant person might speak in a derogatory fashion, “asking” that a good opinion of someone be taken away. Arrogant people believe that they have the prerogative to do or get anything they want, for they feel they have an exclusive right to “ask” for and subsequently receive those desires before anyone else does.
Sometimes people feel called to act as a surrogate. For instance, someone who acts as a surrogate parent is “asked” to be a parent in place of a biological parent, who is unable or unwilling to act in that role. Perhaps the biological parent has abrogated her duty, thereby legally “asking” it to go away from her. The surrogate parent who fills in would certainly be acting in a supererogatory fashion, going over and above what she was originally “asked” to do in life, at least in terms of being a parent to that abandoned child.
We may now comfortably prorogue our learning about rog, “asking” it to be set forward far into the future, for we need no longer “ask” about what words mean with the root rog in them. Roger that!